Healing of hoof ulcers in cattle with use application of local and complex treatment
AbstractDairy cows productivity depends on many factors, including diseases prevalence. Among cattle surgical pathologies, hoof diseases are of great relevance in the modern farm management conditions. The objective of the study was to compare hoof ulcers healing characteristics for cows after local treatment and complex treatment with the use of 0.2 % bupivacaine for epidural blockade. The studies were conducted in animals with sole ulcers of the hoof that were divided into two groups according to the treatment method. For the control group (n = 32), the hoof was cleaned, non-viable tissues were removed, after local application of chemi-spray the bandage was applied. For animals of experiment group (n = 32) epidural puncture with a Tuohy needle into the area between the last sacral and first caudal vertebrae, or between the first and second caudal, and epidural catheterization were performed. Injections of 0.2 % bupivacaine solution were performed during three days with analgesic and also therapeutic purpose. Weight bearing area of affected toe was significantly larger than for healthy one, which is one of the factors contributing into the development of the disease. The superficial layers of the horn of the soles were brittle and lost their depreciation properties. For the area of the sole after removal of the surface tissue swelling and pain during palpation were recorded, as well as local temperature increase. After removing of deeper hoof sole tissue layers, the ulcer itself was opened. The sole tissues around the ulcer also were losing their depreciation properties, and the ulcer itself and surrounding tissues of the soles were covered with granulation tissue. After the opening of pathological focus and removal of non-viable tissues and excessive granulations, local treatment of the lesion surface with chemi-spray and bandage application were performed. Second treatment of lesions was performed after 5 days. For most animals, orthopedic treatment was performed once, only for five cows in the experimental group and eight cows in the control group it was performed twice. The coverage of the defect resulted from the sole ulcer damage by corneal epidermis for animals from the experimental group was occurring significantly faster than for animals from the control group. In case of treatment of sole ulcers with the complex method applied for the experimental group of animals, the nmber of treatments required significantly decreased (p <0,01) – 5.66 ± 0.09 in comparsion to the control group 6.41 ± 0.12. For treated animals from the experimental group, statistically significant (p <0,01) reduction of the healing term after treatment (30.69 ± 0.33 days), in comparison to the animals from the control group (34.06 ± 0.39 days) was observed.
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