Peculiarities of clinical course and complex treatment of perianal adenitis in dogs

  • V. V. Samoylyuk Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
  • K. O. Asaubaeva Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
Keywords: inflammation of paraanal glands, clinical motion, treatment, complex therapy

Abstract

During the research we studied the incidence and characteristics of the clinical course of perianal adenitis, as well as determined the effectiveness of various schemes of complex therapy for perianal adenitis in dogs. The schemes of complex treatment included mechanical purification of glands, amoxicillin of prolonged action, catheterization and washing of glands with furacilin solution, rectal administration of suppositories, injection into the glands of liniment mastite forte and short novocaine blockade with ceftriaxone and hydrocortisone. During the analysis of the treatment effectiveness under different schemes we considered the quality and quantity of glandular secretion, disappearance of secondary skin lesions, rate of disappearance of the pain response and the intensity of disappearance of signs of inflammation. It has been established that more than half of animals with perianal sinusitis additionally have dermatoses, otitis and conjunctivitis. According to the anamnesis, the main causes of this pathology are bones feeding and injuries of anus and rectum. Most commonly small breed dogs and non-breed dogs are affected by perianal adenitis, while among large breeds it is most common for German shepherds. Inflammation of perianal glands in most cases is a chronic inflammation. It was determined that the disease is more severe in animals of the older age group. We established that complex treatment with emulsion using a forte mastite in combination with systemic antibiotic therapy, short novocaine blockade with ceftriaxone and hydrocortisone and the use of ichthyol suppositories contribute to the reduction of treatment duration by 3 to 4 days compared to the treatment regimen in the control group. It is recommended for all dogs with conjunctivitis, dermatoses and otitis of non-contagious etiology to first study perianal sinuses in order to detect the chronic course of perianal sinusitis.

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References

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Abstract views: 1294
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Published
2018-03-29
How to Cite
Samoylyuk, V., & Asaubaeva, K. (2018). Peculiarities of clinical course and complex treatment of perianal adenitis in dogs. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(1), 15-19. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/164