Method of increasing the quality of water on a farming enterprise
AbstractWater is essential for maintaining the life and health of farm animals and poultry. When supplied in sufficient quantities not only it supports vital metabolic processes in the organism, but also positively affects the intake and digestibility of feed. This, ultimately, determines the productivity and quality of final products. Despite considerable reserves of drinking water in the country, ensuring its quality remains a problematic issue, especially for farms supplied by surface or underground water sources which may contain a significant amount of mechanical impurities of mineral and organic origin. In the process of patent search, it has been established that known filters for water purification have limited applicability and require constant replacement of filter elements. Thus, our technical task was to increase the duration of use of filter element by means of more careful removal of mechanical impurities by source water. The solution provided implied that a cylindrical body has a filter element. It is constructed of three sections which represent the alternation of filter cloth petals and polystyrene foam beads, the size of which decreases from the inlet to the outlet. The principle of the filter operation is that the water, passing successively through the layers of the filter cloth and the medium filled with polystyrene foam beads, is purified from mechanical particles of different size. A distinctive feature of this technical solution is that the filter can be cleaned of mechanical impurities as it becomes contaminated. This is achieved through a reverse water flow. The approach ensures filter multiple use, that is, its compliance with the criterion of "industrial applicability". The article presents the graphical image of the filter and describes the principle of its operation. The suggested by us utility filter model for water purification is patent protected (UA 123520, B01D 29/50). The simple design and handiness of the filter we suggest will facilitate the supplied water quality on small farms. In the further perspective, it is planned to conduct a production test of this filter and to estimate its effectiveness in water purification from various natural sources.
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