Method of increasing the quality of water on a farming enterprise

  • M. P. Vysokos Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
  • R. V. Milostiviy Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
  • A. M. Pugach Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
  • O. V. Honcharova Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
Keywords: drinking water, filter, mechanical impurities, technical solution

Abstract

Water is essential for maintaining the life and health of farm animals and poultry. When supplied in sufficient quantities not only it supports vital metabolic processes in the organism, but also positively affects the intake and digestibility of feed. This, ultimately, determines the productivity and quality of final products. Despite considerable reserves of drinking water in the country, ensuring its quality remains a problematic issue, especially for farms supplied by surface or underground water sources which may contain a significant amount of mechanical impurities of mineral and organic origin. In the process of patent search, it has been established that known filters for water purification have limited applicability and require constant replacement of filter elements. Thus, our technical task was to increase the duration of use of filter element by means of more careful removal of mechanical impurities by source water. The solution provided implied that a cylindrical body has a filter element. It is constructed of three sections which represent the alternation of filter cloth petals and polystyrene foam beads, the size of which decreases from the inlet to the outlet. The principle of the filter operation is that the water, passing successively through the layers of the filter cloth and the medium filled with polystyrene foam beads, is purified from mechanical particles of different size. A distinctive feature of this technical solution is that the filter can be cleaned of mechanical impurities as it becomes contaminated. This is achieved through a reverse water flow. The approach ensures filter multiple use, that is, its compliance with the criterion of "industrial applicability". The article presents the graphical image of the filter and describes the principle of its operation. The suggested by us utility filter model for water purification is patent protected (UA 123520, B01D 29/50). The simple design and handiness of the filter we suggest will facilitate the supplied water quality on small farms. In the further perspective, it is planned to conduct a production test of this filter and to estimate its effectiveness in water purification from various natural sources.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anadгo, P. (2017). Nanocomposite filtration membranes for drinking water purification. Water Purification, 517–549.

Carlson, M. P. (2018). Water Quality and Contaminants. Veterinary Toxicology, 1099–1115.

Chandrappa, R., Das, D. B., Shamsuddin, N., & Santisukkasaem, U. (2014). Water Quality Is-sues. Sustainable Water Engineering, 83–161.

Chen, L., Li, N., Wen, Z., Zhang, L., Chen, Q., Chen, L., Si, P., Feng, J., Li, Ya., Lou, J. & Ci, L. (2018). Graphene oxide based membrane intercalated by nanoparticles for high performance nanofiltration application. Chemical Engineering Journal, 347, 12–18.

Demchuk, M.V., Chornyi, M.V., Zakharenko, M.O., & Vysokos, M.P. (2006). Hihiiena tvaryn: Pidruchnyk [Hygiene of Animals]. Espada, Kharkiv (in Ukrainian).

Di Martino, G., Piccirillo, A., Giacomelli, M., Comin, D., Gallina, A., Capello, K., … Bonfanti, L. (2018). Microbiological, chemical and physical quality of drinking water for commercial turkeys: a cross-sectional study. Poultry Science.

Eller, K. T., & Katz, B. G. (2017). Nitrogen Source Inventory and Loading Tool: An integrated approach toward restoration of water-quality impaired karst springs. Journal of Environmental Management, 196, 702–709.

Elserougi, A., Ahmed, S., & Massoud, A. (2016). Multi-module high voltage pulse generator based on DC-DC boost converter and CDVMs for drinking water purification. IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT).

Golher, D. M., Thirumurugan, P., Patel, B. H. M., Upadhyay, V. K., Sahu, S., Gaur, G. K., & Bhoite, S. H. (2015). Effect of drinking water temperature on physiological variables of crossbred dairy cattle at high altitude temperate region of Himalayas. Veterinary World, 8(10), 1210–1214.

Gorelova, E.I., Gorelov, I.S., Danilova, G.N., & Kotov, V.V. (2013) Nanokompozit, primenyaemyiy v kachestve filtruyuschego materiala dlya ochistki vodyi [Nanocomposit, used as a filtering material for drinking water purification]. Nauchnyiy vestnik Voronejskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitelnogo universiteta. Seriya: Vyisokie tehnologii. Ekologiya, 1, 10-13 (in Russian)

Gorzin, F., & Bahri Rasht Abadi, M. (2017). Ad-sorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by adsorbent prepared from paper mill sludge: Kinetics and thermodynamics studies. Adsorption Science & Technology, 36(1-2), 149–169.

Howladar, M. F., Al Numanbakth, M. A., & Faruque, M. O. (2017). An application of Water Quality Index (WQI) and multivariate statistics to evaluate the water quality around Maddhapara Granite Mining Industrial Area, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Environmental Systems Research, 6(1).

Hoyvanovych, N. K., Monastyrska, S. S., & Antonyak, H. L. (2016). Assessment of well water quality for the content of nitrogen in the territory of some settlements of dolyna district. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 26(7), 202–207.

Kefou, N., Karvelas, E., Karamanos, K., Karakasidis, T., & Sarris, I. E. (2016). Water Purification in Micromagnetofluidic Devices: Mixing in MHD Micromixers. Procedia Engineering, 162, 593–600.

Li, F., Xia, Q., Cheng, Q., Huang, M., & Liu, Y. (2017). Conductive Cotton Filters for Affordable and Efficient Water Purification. Catalysts, 7(10), 291.

Line, D. E., Osmond, D. L., & Childres, W. (2016). Effectiveness of Livestock Exclusion in a Pasture of Central North Carolina. Journal of Environment Quality, 45(6), 1926.

Liu, Y., Li, F., Xia, Q., Wu, J., Liu, J., Huang, M., & Xie, J. (2018). Conductive 3D sponges for affordable and highly-efficient water purification. Nanoscale, 10(10), 4771–4778.

Lothrop, N., Bright, K. R., Sexton, J., Pearce-Walker, J., Reynolds, K. A., & Verhougstraete, M. P. (2018). Optimal strategies for monitoring irrigation water quality. Agricultural Water Management, 199, 86–92.

Malekizadeh, A., & Schenk, P. M. (2017). High flux water purification using aluminium hydroxide hydrate gels. Scientific Reports, 7(1).

Matusevich, V.F. & Vysokos, N.P. (1971). Zoogigiena [Zoohygiene]. Kaynar, Alma-Ata (in Russian).

Orishchuk, O., Milostiviy, R., Ruban, N., & Tikhonenko, V. (2017). Providing of safety and quality of water is in stock-raising: normatively legal aspects. Science and Technology Bulletin of SRC for Biosafety and Environmental Control of AIC, 5(1), 80-84 (in Ukrainian).

Piyadasa, C., Yeager, T. R., Gray, S. R., Stewart, M. B., Ridgway, H. F., Pelekani, C., & Orbell, J. D. (2017). Antimicrobial effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields from commercially available water treatment devices - controlled studies under static and flow conditions. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 93(3), 871–877.

Potapov, V. V., & Brovkin, A. E. (2016). Study on membrane filter efficiency for purification of natural water from water supply facilities of SUE “Petropavlovsky Vodokanal.” Bulletin Оf Kamchatka State Technical University, (35), 27–39.

Preeti, P., Kewalramani, N., Kundu, S. S., & Sharma, A. (2017). Effect of saline water on rumen fermentation and serum profile in Murrah male calves. Indian Journal of Animal Research, (OF).

Prilutskaya, E.V., Milostivyiy, R.V., Orischuk, O.S. & Vasilenko, T.O. (2017). Problemnyie voprosyi obespecheniya sanitarno-gigienicheskih trebovaniy k pitevoy vode v jivotnovodstve [Problematic issues of sanitary and hygienic requirements for drinking water in the livestock]. Materialyi Mejdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Prodovolstvennaya bezopasnost v kontekste novyih idey i resheniy», 2, 481–484 (in Russian).

Puhach, A.M., Kirnos, K.A., Vysokos, M.P., & Mylostyvyi, R.V. (2018). Patent na korysnu model № 123520, MPK V01D 29/50 «Filtr dlia ochystky vody» [Filter for water treatment]. Zaiavl. 20.10.17. Opubl. 26.02.2018. Biul. №4 (in Ukrainian).

Roi, I.Iu., Patiuk, L.K., & Klymenko, N.A. (2016). Analiz roboty bahatostupenevoi tekhnolohichnoi ustanovky doochyshchennia vodoprovidnoi vody v umovakh diiuchoho vyrobnytstva ta shliakhy yii udoskonalennia [Analysis of the work of multi-stage process plant aftertreatment of tap water in the existing production and ways of its improvement]. Voda i vodoochysni tekhnolohii. Naukovo-tekhnichni visti, 1(18), 50-65 (in Ukrainian).

Saitov, V.E., & Kotyukov, A.B. (2017). Energosberegayuschee tehnicheskoe ustroystvo filtrovaniya vodyi dlya jivotnovodcheskogo kompleksa [Energy-saving technical device for water filtration for cattle-breeding complex]. Aktualnyie voprosyi sovershenstvovaniya tehnologii proizvodstva i pererabotki produktsii selskogo hozyaystva, 19, 282-284 (in Russian).

Saitov, V.E., & Kotyukov, A.B. (2017). Issledovaniya raspredeleniya jidkosti po jivomu secheniyu perforirovannogo filtra s dvoynoy zagruzkoy dlya ochistki vodyi [Research on liquid distribution on the quick cross-section of the perforated filter with a dual boot for water purification]. Permskiy agrarnyiy vestnik, 2 (18), 105-110 (in Russian).

Saitov, V.E., Kotyukov, A.B., & Savinyih, P.A. (2017). Analiz shem i konstruktsiy ustroystv ochistki vodyi v jivotnovodstve [Analysis of construction schemes and devices waterin animal]. Mejdunarodnyiy jurnal prikladnyih i fundamentalnyih issledovaniy, 3-1, 34-39 (in Russian).

Sapon, E.G., & Juk, E.S. (2016). Ispolzovanie elektrostaleplavilnogo shlaka v kachestve zagruzki filtrov dlya ochistki stochnyih vod ot fosfatov [The use of electric steelmaking slag as the loading of filters for wastewater treatment from phosphates]. Materialyi dokladov 49 mejdunarodnoy nauchno-tehnicheskoy konferentsii prepodavateley i studentov: sbornik trudov konferentsii. Vitebskiy gosudarstvennyiy tehnologicheskiy universitet, 300-303(in Russian).

Sasakova, N., Gregova, G., Venglovsky, J., Papajova, I., Nowakowicz-Debek, B., & Bozakova, N. (2016). Hygiene Aspects of Drinking Water Sources Used in Primary Milk Production. Modern Environmental Science and Engineering, 1(6), 311–317.

Sharma, A., Kundu, S. S., Tariq, H., Preeti, Kewalramani, N., & Singh, S. (2016). Quantitative prediction of drinking water intake of Murrah buffalo calves under saline water. Indian Journal of Animal Research, (OF).

Sharma, A., Tariq, P. H., Kewalramani, N., & Kundu, S. S. (2016). Livestock Rearing on Saline Water. Innovative Saline Agriculture, 475–487.

Shevchenko, D.S., Tsyiganova, T.A., & Rahimova, O.V. (2017). Filtr s polioksomolibden-kremnezemnoy membranoy dlya ochistki vodyi ot mikroorganizmov [Filter with polyoxomolybdenum-silica membrane for water purification from microorganisms]. Nauka nastoyaschego i buduschego, 1, 311-313 (in Russian).

Stojanov, I., Prodanov-Radulovic, J., Pusic, I., Jaksic, S., Zivkov-Balos, M., & Ratajac, R. (2017). Farm water as a possible source of fungal infections. Matica Srpska Journal for Natural Sciences, (133), 299–305.

Tatarinova, R.E. (2016). Izuchenie vozmojnostey primeneniya glinyi dlya izgotovleniya filtrov vodyi [Study of the possibilities of using clay for the production of water filters]. Nauka, tehnika i obrazovanie, 11(29), 69–73 (in Russian).

Utomo, H. D., Tan, K. X. D., Choong, Z. Y. D., Yu, J. J., Ong, J. J., & Lim, Z. B. (2016). Biosorption of Heavy Metal by Algae Biomass in Surface Water. Journal of Environmental Protection, 07(11), 1547–1560.

Vasylenko, T.O., Mylostyvyi, R.V., Masiuk, D.M., Yefimov, V.H., & Kalynychenko, O.O. (2017). Sanitarno-toksykolohichna otsinka pytnoi vody pidpryiemstv APK za vmistom vazhkykh metaliv [Sanitary-toxicological estimation of the food water of the approaches of the apс for the content of heavy metals]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu, 5, 2 (32), 20–26 (in Ukrainian).

Zarrabi, H., Yekavalangi, M. E., Vatanpour, V., Shockravi, A., & Safarpour, M. (2016). Im-provement in desalination performance of thin film nanocomposite nanofiltration membrane using amine-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube. Desalination, 394, 83–90.


Abstract views: 113
PDF Downloads: 60
Published
2018-06-26
How to Cite
Vysokos, M., Milostiviy, R., Pugach, A., & Honcharova, O. (2018). Method of increasing the quality of water on a farming enterprise. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(2), 59-65. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/180