Macro- and microanatomical characteristics of lymph nodes of a domestic cattle in early post-natal ontogenesis

  • M. V. Kravtsova Dnіpro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro
Keywords: parenchyma of the lymph node, stroma of the lymph node, somatic lymph nodes, somatoviscera lymph nodes, visceral lymph nodes

Abstract

The peculiarities of the dynamics of absolute and relative mass and correlation of stroma and parenchyma in lymph nodes of a domestic cattle in early post-natal ontogenesis were studied. The material selected from calfs of a domestic bull at 1-, 10-, 30-, 120-day age, with 6 heads in each group, was investigated. Histological researches were conducted by coloring paraffin cuts with hematoxylin and eosin. The objective of the study was to define the dynamics of the main macroscopic and macro-microscopic characteristics of lymph nodes of a domestic cattle. Regularities of the dynamics of absolute and relative mass of lymph nodes within the age groups are determined. The sharpest increase in absolute mass of lymph nodes is observed at 10-day age. Further dynamics of the growth of absolute mass of lymph nodes in the age groups slows down. The relative mass of lymph nodes is not significantly increased by the 10-day period. From 30-day age the growth of relative mass is still decreasing, even the reverse tendency in an  Limphonidi axillares proprii, at 120-day age in all studied lymph nodes, except L. mediastinales caudales and L. retropharyngei mediales is observed. The dynamics of the ratio of relative volume of lymphoid parenchyma and stroma in the lymph nodes of calfs of a domestic bull is established. At newborn calfs, the relative volume of parenchyma exceeds the corresponding indicator of stroma by 8.3-13.5 times. At 10-day calfs, there is an increase in the relative volume both lymphoid parenchyma, and stroma. At 30-day calfs, the dynamics of development of stromal and parenchymatous components in lymph nodes changes. The relative volume of stroma in superficial somatic and profund somatic lymph nodes decreases. The tendency to decrease the relative volume of parenchyma persists also at 120-day calfs. Insignificant growth of lymphoid parenchyma is observed only in the L. ileocolici and in the L. iliaci mediales. At 120-day calfs, the relative volume of lymphoid parenchyma exceeds the relative volume of stroma by 3.4-14.5 times.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gavrilin, P. N., Lieshchova, M. A., Gavrilina, O. G. & Boldyreva, T. F. (2018). Prenatal morphogenesis of compartments of the parenchyma of the lymph nodes of domestic cattle (Bos taurus). Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 9(1), 95–104.

Gavrilin, P. N. & Peretiatko, O. V. (2010). Osoblyvosti postnatalnoho morfohenezu ta strukturno funktsionalnoi spetsializatsii parenkhimy limfatychnykh vuzliv ptytsi. [Features of postnatal morphogenesis and structural and functional specialization of parenchyma of lymph nodes of bird]. Naukovyi visnyk natsionalnoho universytetu bioresursiv ta pryrodokorystuvannia Ukrainy, 151(3), 23-33 (in Ukraine).

Gavrilin, P. N., Gavrilina, E. G. & Ever V.V. (2017a). Histoarchitectonics of the parenchyma of lymph nodes of mammals with different structure of intranodal lymphatic channel. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(3), 96–107 (in Russian).

Gavrilin, P. N., Gavrilina, О. G. & Kravtsovа M. V. (2017b). The compartments of the parenchyma of the lymph nodes in the newborn bull calves of domestic cattle (Bos taurus). Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(2), 169–178 (in Russian).

Gavrilin, P. N., Gavrilina, O. G., Brygadyrenko, V. V., & Rahmoun, D. E. (2017c). Structural and unctional units of parenchyma of lymph nodes of dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius). Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(3), 323–332 (in Russian).

Gavrylin, P. M., & Nikitina, M. O. (2017). Morphometric parameters of the intestine and aggregated lymphatic nodules of meat rabbits. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(4), 649–655 (in Ukraine).

Gavrylin, P., Lieshchova, M., Rahmoun, D.E., & Benchadi, H. (2013). Features topography and macrostructure of lymph nodes in Camels (Camelus dromedarius). Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research, 3 (2), 106-110.

Gavrylin P.M. & Lieshchova M.O. (2006). Osoblyvosti morfohenezu limfoidnykh orhaniv u plodiv velykoi rohatoi khudoby. Problemy zooinzhenerii ta veterynarnoi medytsyny. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Kharkivskoi derzhavnoi zooveterynarnoi akademii, 13, 38 (in Ukraine).

Gavrilin P.N. & Leshheva M.A. (2008). Morfologicheskie aspekty stanovlenija zonal'noj funkcional'noj specializacii parenhimy vtorichnyh limfoidnyh organov u zrelorozhdajushhih produktivnyh mlekopitajushhih v prenatal'nom ontogeneze. Vіsnik DAEU, 1(21), 15–22 (in Ukraine).

Krasnikov, G. A., Sosa, N. N, & Matsenko, E. V. (2001). Ranniye gistologicheskiye izmeneniya limfaticheskikh uzlov krupnogo rogatogo skota pri imunnykh reaktsiyakh [Early histological changes in the lymph nodes of the bull in immune responses]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats KhZVU, 191 – 192 (in Russian).

Krishtoforova, B. V. & Gavrilin, P. N. (2000). Vnutriutrobnyye inyektsii u telyat s razlichnoy stepenyu prenatalnogo razvitiya [Intrauterine injections in calves with varying degrees of prenatal development]. Veterinariya, 5, 39-42 (in Russian).

Krishtoforova, B. V. & Gavrilin, P. N. (2000). Zakonomirnosti adaptyvnoi transformatsii tkanynnykh komponentiv orhanivuniversalnoho homopoezu u produktyvnykh zrilonarodzhuiuchykh tvaryn [Patterns of adaptive transformation of tissue components of organs of universal homopoies of productive ripening animals]. Visnyk Bilotserkivskoho ahrarnoho universytetu, 13(2), 85-89 (in Ukraine).

Maslianko, R. P. & Venhryn, A. V. (2004). Formuvannia pereferychnykhorhaniv imunnoi systemy u tvaryn [The formation of peripheral organs of the immune system in animals]. Biolohiia tvaryn, 6(1), 39-43 (in Ukraine).

Prokushenkova, O. G. (2006). Morfolohichni kryterii slyzovoi obolonky shlunka parosiat u biolohichnomu obhruntuvanni tekhnolohii yikh hodivli [Morphological criteria of the gastric mucosa of piglets in the biological substantiation of their feeding]. Veterynarna medytsyna Ukrainy, 6, 39-42 (in Ukraine).

Royte, A., Brostoff, G. & Meil, D. (2000). Immunologiya [Immunology]. Moscow: Mir (in Russian).

Voronin, E. S., Petrov, A. M., Serykh, M. M., & Devrishov, D. A. (2002). Immunologiya [Immunology]. Moscow: Kolos-Press (in Russian).

Yemelianenko, P. A. (1987). Immunologiya zhivotnykh v period vnutriutrobnogo razvitiya [Immunology of animals in the period of intrauterine development]. Moscow: Agropromizdat (in Russian).

Гаврилін П.М., Лєщова М.О. (2006). Особливості морфогенезу лімфоїдних органів у плодів великої рогатої худоби. Проблеми зооінженерії та ветеринарної медицини/Збірник наукових праць Харківської державної зооветеринарної академії. – Харків. – Вип. 13. С. 38.

Гаврилин П.Н., Лещева М.А. (2008). Морфологические аспекты становления зональной функциональной специализации паренхимы вторичных лимфоидных органов у зрелорождающих продуктивных млекопитающих в пренатальном онтогенезе. Вісник ДАЕУ. – №1(21). – Т.2. – С. 15–22.


Abstract views: 122
PDF Downloads: 58
Published
2018-06-26
How to Cite
Kravtsova, M. (2018). Macro- and microanatomical characteristics of lymph nodes of a domestic cattle in early post-natal ontogenesis. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(2), 85-91. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/185