Experimental application of probiotics for organic chicken growth
AbstractThe article is devoted to the description and testing of a new probiotic preparation based on Lactobacillus plantarum AMT 12 in laboratory and production conditions. The search for an alternative to prophylactic antibiotics for animal farming remains an acute issue nowadays. In particular, the marketplace of organic farming needs alternative medications since since preventive antibiotics are prohibited for use in organic animal husbandry. In this respect microbiological preparations like probiotics are a promising field of research and implementation. Laboratory tests of the culture, morphological and antagonistic properties of the probiotic preparation based on Lactobacillus plantarum AMT 12 were conducted, and an in vivo study was conducted on chickens infected with test cultures of pathogenic microorganisms. A production test of preventive probiotics in organic farming was also carried out. It is established that the drug meets the criteria that apply to probiotic preparations. According to the results of the laboratory experiment, the evident antagonistic effect of the drug against pathogenic microorganisms was established. The tests of the drug on experimentally infected poultry showed a prophylactic effect of probiotics. Since probiotics belong to the group of biological and natural prophylactic drugs, the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum AMT 12 was tested in conditions of organic poultry farming. The number of risks for free-range chickens in the conditions of organic farming is much higher than with traditional poultry farming, in particular with respect to infection with pathogens of infectious diseases. It has been established that the use of a probiotic preparation on the basis of Lactobacillus plantarum AMT 12 for the preventive purpose improves twice the safety of the birds in the conditions of organic poultry farming. Thus, this probiotic can be used as an alternative to the prophylactic use of antibiotics in traditional and organic poultry industry of Ukraine.
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