Methods of diagnosis and treatment of ascending syndrome in dogs

  • R. V. Biloshytskyy National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Keywords: spinal injury, myelography, spinal cord, dogs, limb paralysis, demyelination

Abstract

The features of the clinical course and the effectiveness of the proposed schemes of complex therapy with spinal injuries in dogs were determined. The algorithm of complex treatment includes the introduction of glucocorticosteroid and analgesic drugs, vitamin aids with a pronounced antioxidant effect and osmotic diuretics. In cases of secondary complications or the development of ascending syndrome, it is advisable to use beta-lactam antibiotics with the following instillations of glucocorticosteroid drugs in order to block the spinal muscles and intervertebral space in the affected area and operative access. This helps to reduce the accumulation and formation of acid metabolites and carbon dioxide in the injured areas. For spinal cord and spinal cord injuries, the introduction of “Mannitol” osmolar diuretic is recommended to reduce soft tissue edema and prevent the formation of peroxide lipids. It is noted that the development of ascending myelomalacia causes a pronounced neurological deficiency with signs of paresis and limb paralysis, a significant decrease in muscle tone, and often a loss of surface sensitivity. Depending on the etiological factor that causes myelomalacia, a prognosis is anticipated that often has an unfavorable outcome. Conscientious implementation of the recommendations for the treatment of pathological process increases the probability of restoring the function of the axial skeleton. The main diagnostic methods are reduced to the performance of contrast myelography and digital x-ray examination in two projections. For a clear visualization of soft tissues it is necessary to conduct MRI diagnostics with the definition of spinal diseases and the degree of damage to the spinal cord. It has been established that the early performance of MRI diagnostics makes it possible to detect organic damage to the spinal cord and to conduct timely decompression using the hemilaminectomy method.

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Published
2018-11-30
How to Cite
Biloshytskyy, R. (2018). Methods of diagnosis and treatment of ascending syndrome in dogs. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(3), 29-33. https://doi.org/10.32819/2018.63006