Hemocytopoiesis of functionally active newborn calves and calves in the state of hypoxia

  • A. A. Zamaziy Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava
Keywords: hypoxia, calves, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, indices, blood

Abstract

Fetal resistance to hypoxia is defined by its continuous affinity with the mother's body, and the transition of various substances depends on their concentration in the blood, the intensity of hemocirculation, and the permeability of cell membranes. We investigated the blood of functionally active newborn calves with signs of hypoxia, which were divided into three groups: І – animals in a state of asphyxia with meconium in the amniotic fluid (n = 9); ІІ – animals with inadequate spontaneous respiratory movements (n = 9); III – with spontaneous adequate respiratory movements (n = 9). The hematological analyzer was used to determine the dynamics of hemogram parameters and to calculate hematological indices during the first month of life. At the same time, we determined the indicators of hemo-, leuko- and thrombogram blood of cows pregnant with functionally active calves with signs of hypoxia. It has been established that a significant reduction in the number of red blood cells in calves' blood occurs in the first 5 days of life with an increase in the average volume of erythrocytes in the blood of functionally active calves by an average of 1.19 times (p < 0.01), a decrease in hemoglobin concentrations in erythrocyte especially in calves with low prenatal development. It should be noted that the above-mentioned processes in calves born with signs of hypoxia occur more "slowly" with the preservation of the dynamics inherent in functionally active calves. Hematologic indices allow to objectively determine qualitative and quantitative changes of concentrations and functional activity of leukocytes. In particular, there was a decrease during the neonatal period of LI, NLK and INS, and the growth of IP. Hemograms of cows, the mothers of functionally active and in the state of hypoxia newborn calves differ significantly. In the cows-mothers of functionally active newborn calves, the number of erythrocytes in the blood, hemoglobin and hematocrit content, the average content of platelets and thrombocyte were higher, while the average content of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte and the width of red blood cells distribution were higher in cows that gave birth to calves in a state of hypoxia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balika, Ju. D., Abubakirova, A. M., & Kozlova, S. I. (1986). Biohimicheskie poka-zateli krovi materi, pupovinnoj krovi i okoloplodnyh rіdini pri gipoksii ploda [Biochemical indices of maternal blood, cord blood and amniotic fluid during fe-tal hypoxia]. Akusherstvo i Ginekologija, 7, 23–25 (in Russian).

Bellows, D. S., Ott, S. L., & Bellows, R. A. (2002). Review: Cost of Reproductive Diseases and Conditions in Cattle. The Professional Animal Scientist, 18(1), 26–32.

Berry, D. P., Wall, E., & Pryce, J. E. (2014). Genetics and genomics of reproductive performance in dairy and beef cattle. Animal, 8(s1), 105–121.

Burka, S. A., Kose, B. A., & Matviienko, M. A. (2006). Zminy systemnoi hemody-namiky u novonarodzhenykh v krytychnykh stanakh [Changes in systemic he-modynamics in newborns in critical conditions]. Aktualni Problemy Suchasnoi Medytsyny: Visnyk Ukrainskoi Medychnoi Stomatolohichnoi Akademii, 6(4), 129 (in Ukranian).

Edinger, H., & Eisenman, J. (1970). Thermosensitive neurons in tuberal and poste-rior hypothalamus of cats. American Journal of Physiology-Legacy Content, 219(4), 1098–1103.

Fedoniuk, Ya. I., Bilyk, L. S., & Mykula, N. Kh. (2001). Anatomiia ta fiziolohiia z patolohiieiu [Anatomy and physiology with pathology]. Ukrmedknyha, Ternopil (in Ukranian).

Hammond, E. M., Asselin, M.-C., Forster, D., O’Connor, J. P. B., Senra, J. M., & Williams, K. J. (2014). The Meaning, Measurement and Modification of Hypoxia in the Laboratory and the Clinic. Clinical Oncology, 26(5), 277–288.

Ippolitova, T. V. (2007). Adaptacionnye reakcii nervnoj i serdechno–sosudistoj sistemy zhivotnyh [Adaptive reactions of the nervous and cardiovascular sys-tems of animals]. XX S’ezd Fiziologicheskogo Obshhestva im I. P. Pavlova: te-zisy dokladov. Russkij vrach, Moscow, 41 (in Russian).

Korneev, A. A. (1991). O formirovanii individual'noj rezistentnosti organizma k ostroj gipoksicheskoj gipoksii v processe ontogeneza [On the formation of indi-vidual body resistance to acute hypoxic hypoxia in the process of ontogenesis]. Patologicheskaja Fiziologija i Jeksperimental'naja Terapija, 7, 41–44 (in Rus-sian).

Lebkova, N. P. (2000). Sovremennye predstavlenija o vnutrikletochnyh mehaniz-mah obespechenija jenergeticheskogo gomeostaza v norme i patologii [Modern ideas about the intracellular mechanisms of energy homeostasis in health and dis-ease]. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii meditsinskikh nauk, 9, 16–22 (in Russian).

Plesnova, S. A., Dubrovskaja, N. M., & Nalivaeva, N. N. (2007). Prenatal'naja gipoksija narushaet metabolizm amiloidnogo peptida i formirovanie kognitivnyh funkcij v ontogeneze mlekopitajushhih [Prenatal hypoxia disrupts the metabo-lism of the amyloid peptide and the formation of cognitive functions in the on-togeny of mammals]. XX S’ezd Fiziologicheskogo Obshhestva im I. P. Pavlova: tezisy dokladov. Russkij vrach, Moscow, 74 (in Russian).

Shtemberg, A. S. & Farber, Ju. V. (2007). Tipy ustojchivosti i taktiki adaptacii krys k povtornym vozdejstvijam ostroj gipobariticheskoj gipoksii [Types of resistance and tactics of rat adaptation to repeated effects of acute hypobaritic hypoxia]. XX S’ezd Fiziologicheskogo Obshhestva im I. P. Pavlova: tezisy dokladov. Russkij vrach, Moscow, 108 (in Russian).

Stevenson, J. S., Hill, S. L., Bridges, G. A., Larson, J. E., & Lamb, G. C. (2015). Progesterone status, parity, body condition, and days postpartum before estrus or ovulation synchronization in suckled beef cattle influence artificial insemina-tion pregnancy outcomes1. Journal of Animal Science, 93(5), 2111–2123.

Tolova, L. P. (1974). Nekotorye pokazateli uglerodnogo obmena pri asfikcii no-vorozhdennyh [Some indicators of carbon metabolism in the asphyxiation of newborns]. Zdravohranenie Belorusii, 2, 31–32 (in Russian).

Zamaziy, A. A., Кambur, M. D., & Butov, O. V. (2018). Physiological and bio-chemical changes in the body of cows during pregnancy, natal and postnatal pro-cesses. Science and Technology Bulletin of SRC for Biosafety and Environmental Control of AIC, 6(2), 79–84 (in Ukranian).

Zamazii, A. A. (2008). Umovy hazoobminu v orhanizmi teliat zalezhno vid yikh prenatalnoho rozvytku [Conditions of gas exchange in the body of calves de-pending on their prenatal development]. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Ah-rarnoho Universytetu, 127, 105–110 (in Ukranian).

Zhuravin, I. A., Vasil'ev, D. D., & Dubrovskaja, N. M. (2007). Vlijanie gipoksii na metabolizm amiloidnogo peptida i razvitie funkcii mozga [The effect of hypoxia on the metabolism of amyloid peptide and the development of brain function]. XX S’ezd Fiziologicheskogo Obshhestva im I. P. Pavlova: tezisy dokladov. Russkij vrach, Moscow, 37 (in Russian).


Abstract views: 206
PDF Downloads: 158
Published
2018-11-30
How to Cite
Zamaziy, A. (2018). Hemocytopoiesis of functionally active newborn calves and calves in the state of hypoxia. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(3), 44-49. https://doi.org/10.32819/2018.63009