Scientific and practical basis for the use of probiotics to improve the quality of poultry products

Keywords: birds; diet; dietary standards; probiotics; yeast; amino acids; compound feed


Science and practice have proved that balanced nutrition involves the intake of the organic, mineral, and biologically active substances in the bird’s body in certain quantities and proportions due to their needs. Balanced poultry feeding is a guarantee of not only high productivity, but also the prevention of diseases that negatively affect the safety of livestock and product quality. Providing poultry with high-quality protein is especially important nowadays. Birds spend more essential amino acids per unit of body weight gain and, accordingly, more of them should be daily supplied to the body with feed. Plant proteins are the basis of grain feeds that contain all eleven essential amino acids required for protein synthesis in the body of chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys. However, it was revealed that most of these amino acids are concentrated in grain in insufficient quantities and cannot fully satisfy the needs of highly productive poultry. As a result, it is necessary to additionally introduce high-protein supplements into the diet as a source of essential amino acids or use synthetic concentrates of lysine, methionine, threonine, and tryptophan. High-protein supplements are coming in two types – animal and plant-based. From the plant-based ones, soy products are considered the most valuable as a concentrated source of the first limiting amino acid - lysine, and sunflower meal is rich in methionine. And even so, plant-based protein feed is not able to create a complete balance of all essential amino acids. This can be done only if the animal-sourced protein is introduced into the poultry diet in the form of fish meal, meat and bone meal, meat meal, or yeast. Besides, scientific research has proven that yeast can be considered a wonderful natural source of B vitamins. The analysis of scientific research indicates that today there is a wide search and study of various feed supplements that could be a source of complete protein and have in its composition a complete complex of amino acids for birds. There are not enough such high-quality feed additives in Ukraine, and those coming from abroad are distinguished by high cost and are often falsified. Therefore, the use of yeast in poultry diets as long as their industrial production according to the technology based on the state standard is relevant for solving a number of modern poultry farming problems and is of great scientific and practical importance.


Download data is not yet available.


Akymenko, L. (2005). Probiotyky u veterynarnii medytsyni [Use of probiotics in animal husbandry]. Veterynarna Medytsyna, 2, 37–38 (in Ukrainian).

Anadón, A., Rosa Martínez-Larrañaga, M., & Aranzazu Martínez, M. (2006). Probiotics for animal nutrition in the European Union. Regulation and safety assessment. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 45(1), 91–95.

Antipov, V. A. (2008). Ispol’zovanie probiotikov v zhivotnovodstve [The use of probiotics in animal husbandry]. Veterynaryia, 4, 55–58 (in Russian).

Artemieva, O. A., & Logvinova, T. I. (2018). Use of feed yeast in quail farming. Veterinaria i Kormlenie, (5), 34–37.

Bokun, A. A. (2004). Primenenie probiotikov v zhivotnovodstve [The use of probiotics in animal husbandry]. Pticevodstvo, 2004, 6, 11–15 (in Russian).

Cherniavskyi, O., Babenko, S., Bomko, V., Dyachenko, L., Slomchynskyi, M., Chernyuk, S., Kuzmenko, O., Tytariova, O., Horchanok, A., Polishchuk, V., Bilkevych, V., Polishchuk, S., Ponomarenko, N. (2019). Productivity and mineral exchange in the body of young pigs when feeding probiotics. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 220–225.

Collins, M. D., & Gibson, G. R. (1999). Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics: approaches for modulating the microbial ecology of the gut. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(5), 1052s–1057s.

Cummings, J. H., Macfarlane, G. T., & Englyst, H. N. (2001). Prebiotic digestion and fermentation. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(2), 415–420.

Egorov, B. V. & Kuzmenko, Yu. Ya. (2014). Rol’ probiotikov v kormlenii zhivotnyh i sel’skohozyajstvennoj pticy [The role of probiotics in animal and poultry feeding]. Zbіrnik Naukovih Prac’ Molodih Uchenih, Aspіrantіv ta Studentіv ONAHT, 27–29 (in Ukrainian).

Fairchild, B. D. & Hofacre, C. L. (2012). The future of antibiotic use in poultry production. Poultry USA, 12 (1), 28–29.

Gruzauskas, R., Raceviciute-Stupeliene, A., Sasyte, V., Semaskaite, A., Miezeliene, A., Alencikiene, G., Tevelis, V. & Gimbutas, A. (2007). Effects of enzymes, organic acids mixture and prebiotics on productivity of broiler chickens and sensory attributes of the meat. Veterinarija ir Zootechnika, 37 (59), 13–19 (in Russian).

Inborr, J., & Bedford, M. R. (1994). Stability of feed enzymes to steam pelleting during feed processing. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 46(3-4), 179–196.

Isolauri, E., Sütas, Y., Kankaanpää, P., Arvilommi, H., & Salminen, S. (2001). Probiotics: effects on immunity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(2), 444s–450s.

Ishimov, V. (2011). Osobennosti perevarimosti pitatel’nyh veshchestv raciona cyplyatami-brojlerami pri ispol’zovanii probiotikov [Features of the digestibility of nutrients in the diet of broiler chickens using probiotics]. Agrarnyj Vestnik Urala, 8, 36 (in Russian).

Kaminska, M. V., Kolisnyk, H. V. & Boretska, N. I. (2009). Diia biomasy drizhdzhiv Saccharomyces cerevisiae ta Phaffia rhodozyma na sklad mikrobiotsenozu kyshechnyka yaponskykh perepeliv [Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Phaffia rhodozyma yeast biomass on the intestinal microbiocenosis of Japanese quails]. Veterynarna Biotekhnolohiia, 15, 134–137 (in Ukrainian).

Kesarcodi-Watson, A., Kaspar, H., Lategan, M. J., & Gibson, L. (2008). Probiotics in aquaculture: The need, principles and mechanisms of action and screening processes. Aquaculture, 274(1), 1–14.

Kucheruk, M. D., Bilik, R. I., & Ignatovska, M. V. (2018). Experimental application of probiotics for organic chicken growth. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 6(3), 12–17.

Kuzmenko, O., Bomko, V., Babenko, S., Horchanok, A., Slomchinskyy, M., Tytariova, O., Chernyavskyy, O., Prisjazhnjuk, N. (2018). Influence of mannan oligosaccharides for getting high quality and ecologically safe swine production. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 225–229.

Kuzmenko, O., Bomko, V., Horchanok, A., Babenko, S., Tytariova, O., Slomchynskyi, M., Khalak, V., Polishchuk, S., Cherniavskyi, O., Prysiazhniuk, N., Lytvyshchenko, L. (2020). Effect of mannan oligosaccharides on productivity and quality of slaughter pig products. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(3), 181–186.

Kyla, M. I., Lisova, N. E., & Mykhalus, H. M. (2011). Imunofiziolohichni pokaznyky krovi kurchat-broileriv pry zastosuvanni probiotychnoho preparatu [Immunophysiological parameters of the blood of broiler chickens when using a probiotic drug]. Naukovi Pratsi Poltavskoi Derzhavnoi Aharnoi Akademii. Veterynarna Medytsyna, 3, 38–43 (in Ukrainian).

Lenkova, T. N., Egorova, T. A., & Men’shenin, I. A. (2013). Novyj probiotik A2. [New Probiotic A2]. Pticevodstvo, 4, 23–26 (in Russian).

Lysenko, S. N., Vasil’ev, A.V., & Sochinskaya, O. N. (2008). Ispol’zovanie probiotikov posle antibiotikov [Using probiotics after antibiotics]. Pticevodstvo, 10, 42–44 (in Russian).

Lysko, S. (2007). Vliyanie probiotikov na immunnuyu sistemu [Effects of probiotics on the immune system]. Pticevodstvo, 7, 15–16 (in Russian).

Malik, N. I., & Panin, A. N. (2011). Veterinarnye probioticheskie preparaty [Veterinary probiotic preparations]. Veterinariya, 1, 46–48 (in Russian).

Maisonnier, S., Gomez, J., Gabriel-Crévieu, I., & Carré, B. (2002). Analyses of degradation products from lipid and protein hydrolyses in the small intestine of broiler chickens fed on maize-based diets containing guar gum, or wheat-based diets. British Poultry Science, 43(1), 78–85.

Matveeva, I. V., & Martynov, V. Yu. (2010). Fermentnye preparaty: bezopasnost’, innovacionnye primeneniya, zashchita okruzhayushchej sredy [Enzyme preparations: safety, innovative applications, environmental protection]. Pishchevye Ingredienty: Syr’e i Dobavki, 2, 24–28 (in Russian).

Matrosova, Yu. V. (2011). Effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya probiotikov v kormlenii pticy [The effectiveness of using probiotics in poultry feeding]. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo Gosudarstvennogo Agrarnogo Universiteta, 4 (32), 184–186 (in Russian).

McFarland, L., & Bernasconi, P. (1993). Saccharomyces boulardii: a review of an innovative biotherapeutic agent. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 6, 157–171.

Nikolaeva, E. A., Nezavitin, A. G., & Shvydkov, A. N. (2012). Vliyanie probioticheskih kul’tur na rost i razvitie cyplyat brojlerov [Influence of probiotic crops on the growth and development of broiler chickens]. Vestnik NGAU, 2(23), 68–74 (in Russian).

Orishchuk, O. S. (2019). Efektyvnist vykorystannia aktyvnykh drizhdzhiv u hodivli ptytsi na yakisni pokaznyky yaiets [The effectiveness of the use of active yeast in feeding poultry on the quality of eggs]. Zbirnyk Naukovykh Prats BNAU. Bila Tserkva, 2(150), 64–71 (in Ukrainian).

Orishchuk, O. S. Tsap, S. V., Chernenko, O. M., Darmogray, L. M., Chernenko, O. I. & Mykytiuk, V. V. (2019). Environmental justification forusing of active yeast in laying hens diet. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(2), 189–194.

Orischuk, O., Tsap, S., Ruban, N. & Khmeleva, E. (2017). Use of feed additives on the palm fat base in feeding of laying hens. Ahrarna Nauka ta Kharchovi Tekhnolohii, 2(96), 67–72 (in Ukrainian).

Pavlov, D. S., Egorov, I. A., Nekrasov, R. V., Laktionov, K. S., Kravcova, L. Z., Pravdin, V. G. & Ushakova N. A. (2011). Ispol’zovanie biologicheski aktivnyh kormovih dobavok dlya povysheniya pitatel’nyh svojstv kombikormov i uvelicheniya norm vvoda v kombikorma shrotov i zhmyhov. [The use of biologically active feed additives to improve the nutritional properties of compound feeds and increase the rates of introduction of meal and cake into compound feed]. Problemy Biologii Produktivnyh Zhivotnyh, 1, 89–92 (in Russian).

Panin, A. N., & Malik, N. I. (2006). Probiotiki neot’emlemyj komponent racional’nogo kormlenija zhivotnyh [Probiotics are an integral component of sustainable animal feeding]. Veterinarija, 7, 19–22 (in Russian).

Perdigón, G., Maldonado Galdeano, C., Valdez, J., & Medici, M. (2002). Interaction of lactic acid bacteria with the gut immune system. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(S4), 21–26.

Raceviciūtė-Stupelienė, A., Sasytė, V., Gruzauskas, R., & Simkus, A. (2007). Influence of probiotic preparation Yeasture-W on the productivity and meat quality of broiler chickens. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 23(5-6-1), 543–550.

Saleeva, I. P. Ivanov, A. V., Pavlenko, I. V., Shkol’nikov, E. Je., Neminushhaja, L. A., Skotnikova, T. A., & Eremec, V. I. (2014). Novye probioticheskie kompleksy (preparaty) i ih primenenie pri vyrashhivanii brojlerov [New probiotic complexes (preparations) and their use in broiler growing]. Pticevodstvo, 2, 29–33 (in Russian).

Sharipova, A. F. (2015). Vliyanie probiotichekoj dobavki «Vetosporin-Aktiv» na effektivnost’ vyrashchivaniya cyplyat-brojlerov [Influence of the probiotic additive «Vetosporin-Active» on the efficiency of growing broiler chickens]. Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskoj Gosudarstvennoj Akademii Veterinarnoj Mediciny, 221 (1), 253–258 (in Russian).

Shvydkov, A. N., & Kilin, R. Yu. (2013). Ispol’zovanie probiotikov v brojlernom pticevodstve [Use of probiotics in broiler poultry farming]. Kormlenie Sel’skohozyajstvennyh Zhivotnyh i Kormoproizvodstvo, 2, 40–47 (in Russian).

Singer, R. S., & Hofacre, C. L. (2006). Potential impacts of antibiotic use in poultry production. Avian Diseases, 50(2), 161–172.

Skvorcova, L. N. (2009). Vliyanie probiotikov i prebiotika otechestvennogo proizvodstva na rost i razvitie cyplyat-brojlerov. [The influence of probiotics and prebiotics of domestic production on the growth and development of broiler chickens. Efficient animal husbandry]. Effektivnoe Zhivotnovodstvo, 7, 30–31 (in Russian).

Stenchuk, M. M., Boretska, N. I., & Shakh, Ye. S. (1999). Selektsiia shtamiv – nad syntetykiv B2 drizhdzhiv Candida famata za dopomohoiu N-metyl-N-nitro-N-nitrozohuanidynu [Selection of strains - over synthetics B2 of the yeast Candida famata using N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine]. Biolohiia Tvaryn, 1(1), 111–116 (in Ukrainian).

Tarakanov, B. V., Nikolicheva, T. A., & Aleshin, V. V. (2004). Probiotiki. [Probiotics]. Proshloe, Nastoyashchee i Budushche Zootekhnicheskoj Nauki, 3(62), 69–73 (in Russian).

Tedtova, V. V., Baeva, A. A., Malieva, E. V., & Hadikova, M. A. (2012). Rezul’taty fiziologicheskogo obmennogo opyta na cyplyatah-brojlerah pri ispol’zovanii v racionah biologicheski aktivnyh dobavok [The results of physiological exchange experience on broiler chickens when using dietary supplements in diets]. Politematicheskij Setevoj Elektronnyj Nauchnyj Zhurnal Kubanskogo Gosudarstvennogo Agrarnogo Universiteta, 84, 1–10 (in Russian).

Tsap, S. V., Mikityuk, V. V., & Shutov, I. N. (2013). Vliyanie belkovo-zhirovogo koncentrata na produktivnost’ i kachestvo yaic kur-nesushek [Influence of protein-fat concentrate on productivity and quality of laying hens’ eggs]. Efektivnі Kormi ta Godіvlya, 1, 24–27 (in Ukrainian).

Tsap, S. V., & Orishchuk, O. S. (2015). Vplyv kompleksnykh kormovykh dobavok z vvedenniam palmovoho zhyru na produktyvnist ta histolohichnu budovu pechinky broileriv. [Injection of complex feed additives with the introduction of palm fat on the productivity and histological Budov of broiler liver]. Zbirnyk Naukovykh Prats BNAU, 2(120), 165–168 (in Ukrainian).

Tulyakova, T. V., Paskhin, A. U. & Sedov, V. Yu. (2004). Drozhzhevye ekstrakti [Yeast extracts]. Harchova Promislovіst, 6, 591–594 (in Ukrainian).

Tuhbatov, I. A. (2016). Izmeneniya bakterial’nogo sostava kishechnika cyplyat-brojlerov pri vklyuchenii v racion probiotika i sorbenta [Changes in the bacterial composition of the intestines of broiler chickens when a probiotic and sorbent are included in the diet]. Agrarnyj Vestnik Urala, 3(145), 38–41 (in Russian).

Abstract views: 138
PDF Downloads: 91
How to Cite
ОrishchukО. S., & Tsap, S. V. (2020). Scientific and practical basis for the use of probiotics to improve the quality of poultry products. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 8(4), 241-245.