PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BEE POLLEN FROM UKRAINIAN FOREST STEPPE ZONE

  • O. Zastulka National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • L. Solodka Zhytomyr National Agro-ecological University, Zhytomyr
  • I. Chala Zhytomyr National Agro-ecological University, Zhytomyr
Keywords: state standard, quality parties of marketable pollen, acidity of 2 % aqueous solution, mass fraction of flavonoids, organoleptic

Abstract

We analyzed 153 samples of bee pollen, 88 of which were collected in the forest-steppe zone of Ukraine for 2013–2016 years: 31 pcs. (2013), 17 pcs. (2014), 17 pcs. (2015) and 23 pcs. (2016). 100 % of the investigated samples comply with national standards during visual inspection. According to the standard normative pH of 2 % aqueous solution must vary in the range of 4.3 to 5.3 units, and the flavonoid content - be not less than 4.5 %. The requirements of the state standard 3127–95 "The bee pollen (flower pollen) and its mixtures. Technical specifications" on such indicators as the mass fraction of flavonoids and acidity of 2 % aqueous solution correspond to 32.3 % (2013), 35.3% (2014), 35.3 % (2015) and 34.8 % (2016) parties of marketable pollen from Cherkasy, Vinnytsia, Khmelnytsky, Poltava and Kiev regions.The average values of physical and chemical parameters for quality food supplement samples collected in 7 regions of Ukrainian Forest Steppe zone in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively were: content of flavonoids – (6,89 ± 0,99), (8,52 ± 0,84), (5,75 ± 0,6), (4,98 ± 0,2) %; acidity of 2 % aqueous solution – (4,98 ± 0,06), (5,15 ± 0,05), (5,02 ± 0,15), (4,98 ± 0,08) pH units.During the observation samples were with 4,9–5,1 pH units from 4 steppe zone regions, which supply the market about 83 % pollen. The content of flavonoids was 5.2–6.9 % in the samples.During the period of observation acidity in normative samples of Khmelnitsky (n=6) and Vinnitsa (n=5) regions ranged from the lower to the upper limit of the pH range specified by national standards. Minimum vibrations have been registered in the Cherkassy region. (N=11), and this means that in aqueous solution of pollen from this area every year, the range of substances not significantly different.Indicator "mass fraction of flavonoids" in samples of Cherkasy region undergoes maximum oscillations, in Poltava – minimal, in Vinnytsia and Khmelnytsky spread of oscillation are the same. Overall average flavonoid content varied from 5.2 to 6.9 % (averaged error of determination is 7–24 %). Therefore, optimization of pollenferous list from which bees collect pollen in spring and early summer, in the long term will increase food additive in mineral and essential content for human.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

O. Zastulka, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
аспірант
L. Solodka, Zhytomyr National Agro-ecological University, Zhytomyr
к. біол. н.
I. Chala, Zhytomyr National Agro-ecological University, Zhytomyr
к. біол. н.

References

Пасека: учебно-публицистическое издание / В. П. Полищук, В. А. Гайдар, О. В. Корбут. – К., 2012. – 340 с.

ДСТУ 3127–95 “Обніжжя бджолине (пилок квітковий) і його суміші. Технічні умови”.

Галатюк О.О. Органолептичні, фізико-хімічні та мікробіологічні показники бджолиного обніжжя різних регіонів України / О.О. Галатюк, О.М. Якубчак, Л. O. Солодка // Проблеми зооінженерії та ветеринарної медицини: Зб. наук. праць Харк. Держ. зоовет. акад. – 2015. – Вип. 30. – Ч. 2. – С. 241–244.

Сташенко В. І. Флороміграція бджіл та хімічний склад бджолиного обніжжя в умовах Лісостепу України [Текст]: дис. канд. с.-г. наук: 06.02.04 / В. І. Сташенко. – Національний аграрний ун-т. – К., 2005 – 220 с.


Abstract views: 307
PDF Downloads: 109
How to Cite
Zastulka, O., Solodka, L., & Chala, I. (1). PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BEE POLLEN FROM UKRAINIAN FOREST STEPPE ZONE. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 4(4), 36-40. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/45
Section
Hygiene of Animals, Veterinary-Sanitary Expertise, Standardization, Quality and Safety of Agricultural Products