FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT INFECTIOUS PROCESS DOGS DIROFILARIASIS

  • V. Prokopenko Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
  • T. Romanyshyna, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
  • D. Feschenko Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
  • O. Zgozinska Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
Keywords: derofilariasis, hematological parameter, service dogs

Abstract

In Ukraine dirofilariasis is extremely urgent problem, since the incidence of lesions dirofilaria service dogs, hunting and decorative dog breeds and people is increasing every year. The aim and objective of our work was to study the hematological changes in patients dirofilariasis for dogs of hunting breeds aged 5 to 10 years.Own researches. From the veterinary clinic “Vet Praxis” in Zhytomyr during nine months in 2016 for outpatient care we obtained 10 dogs suffered from dirofilariasis. In infested animals were mostly marked nonspecific clinical signs: fatigue, cough, weight loss, shortness of breath, fainting. Hematological parameters play an important role in the diagnosis of pathological processes in the body, give clear information on the degree of damage of certain organs and systems.Therefore, to establish a more complete picture for dirofilariasis we conducted morphological parameters of blood infested animals. In dogs, of the research group was recorded erytrotsytopeniya (17%) and reduced hemoglobin (15%), resulting from migration microfilaria and poor circulation. Significant leukocytosis, marked in patients dogs (18,44 ± 4,18 g / l) means that the migratory microfilaria and mature dirofilaria gave rise to allergic and inflammatory processes in the body of its host. It also confirms the increase in the number of band neutrophils (61% compared with the control group), that shift neutrophil nuclei left.Lymphocytopenia confirms the immune depletion and the long process of the disease without the tendency to recovery. In our experiment, blood eosinophilia sick dogs not noted, indicating chronic infestations. The change in total serum proteins or fractional composition (amount of albumin and globulin) indicates the changes in the physiological regulation at the level of the cells. In dogs of the experimental group observed an increase in total protein 11%. Changing the alanine and aspartic transaminase are evidence of dysfunction of the heart and liver.Hyperactivity alanine and lactate in patients dogs (62,58 ± 9,89, 231,06 ± 26,25 IU / L, respectively) compared with the control group gives reason to talk about disruption of the heart due to the life cycle of Dirofilaria sp.Conclusion. Diagnosis of dirofilariasis can not be put through only hematological studies. They can only have additional diagnostic value to determine the stage of the pathological process in an organism sick animals.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

V. Prokopenko, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
магістр
T. Romanyshyna,, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
к. вет. н.
D. Feschenko, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
к. вет. н.
O. Zgozinska, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Zhytomyr
к. вет. н.

References

Архипова Д. Р. Дирофиляриоз собак / Д. Р. Архипова // Ветеринария сельскохозяйственных животных. – М., 2005. – № 9. – С. 105–106.

Василик Н. С. Дирофіляріоз – тропічний гельмінтоз в Україні / Н. С. Василик // Здоров’я тварин і ліки. – 2004. – № 4. – С. 4–5.

Ветеринарна клінічна біохімія / [В. І. Левченко, В. В. Влізло, І. П. Кондрахін та ін.]; За ред. В. І. Левченка, В. Л. Галяса. − Біла Церква, 2002.−400 с.

Потоцький М. К. Дирофіляріози / М. К. Потоцький, М. М. Омельяненко // Ветеринарна медицина України.–2011. – № 4. – С. 23–25.

Поживіл А. І. Дирофіляріоз у собак / [Поживіл А. І., Козачок В. С. та ін.]: Матер. I міської. конф. з проблем дрібних домашніх тварин (12–13 травня). – К., 1998. – С. 13–14.

Чернов В. Н. Дирофиляриоз / В. Н. Чернов, О. С. Ушаков // Мир ветеринарии. – 2012. – № 4. – С. 4–15.

Русак В. С. Клінічна оцінка біохімічних, морфологічних показників крові та сечі тварин / В. С. Русак, І. В. Чала. Навчальний посібник. – Житомир: Полісся, 2016. – 544 с.

Cristian F. Schery Дирофиляриоз сердца у кошек и собак – диагностика и терапія / F. Schery Cristian, E. Trautvetter // Focus.–1998. – Т.8. – № 3. – С. 23–30.

Koltas I. S. Subconjunctival infection with Dirofilaria repens / I. S. Koltas, K. Ozcan, N. Duran // Ann. Saudi Med. – 2002. – V. 22. – №1–2. – P. 75–76.

Tarello W. Autochthonous Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens infection in dogs in Kuwait / W. Tarello // Zoonoses and public health. – 2008. – Vol. 55, Issue: 6. – P. 328–330.


Abstract views: 121
PDF Downloads: 41
How to Cite
Prokopenko, V., Romanyshyna, T., Feschenko, D., & Zgozinska, O. (1). FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT INFECTIOUS PROCESS DOGS DIROFILARIASIS. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 4(4), 70-74. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/52