MODERN VIEWS OF THE ROLE OF SELENIUM IN POULTRY FEEDING

  • O. Musich Dnіpropetrovsk State Agrarian and Economics University
Keywords: selenomethionine, laying hen, glutathione peroxidase

Abstract

According to the modern concepts, the biological role of selenium is, primarily, determined by its antioxidanting, immunomodulating and antiviral properties. The selenium is involved in the cellular respiration, the oxidation of the fatty acids, the synthesis of steroids, during the participating in the synthesis of coenzyme A, affects on the permeability of the cell membranes and the resistance of erythrocytes. The selenium is involved in the synthesis of the enzymes, that regulate the redox processes and provide the contractile function of the skeleton muscles. Moreover, the microelement is involved in the metabolism of the fatsoluble vitamins A, E, and in the synthesis of coenzyme Q (a catalyst of the energy processes on the cellular level); it has the protective properties at a poisoning hens with the common salt, the salts of the heavy metals and the toxins. As for the immunomodulatory action of the selenium, it applies to both humoral and cellular links of the immune system. Particularly, the selenium deficiency in the body causes a decrease of the production of the antibodies and violates the thyrocytes differentiation. The selenium is a part of a major antiradical enzyme for protection of the body - glutathione peroxidase, whose biological role is providing a protective effect against stress, catalyzing the decay of hydrogen peroxide or the decomposition of the lipids hydroperoxides. In the soil the element circulates in the form of the elementary selenium, selenites and as a part of organic compounds. The plants absorb the selenium salts from the soil and synthesize the selenium aminoacids from them. The accumulation of the selenium in the plants depends on the form of the compound and its quantity, the availability of organic compounds (selenomethionine, yeast products) was significantly higher than that of the sodium selenite. Therefore the organic form of the selenium are becoming increasingly popular among the manufacturers of feed and the performers in the poultry industry. So, the selenium, with all its inherent properties, plays an important role for the biological chain: soil – plant – animal and bird – production – people. In the complex ecological system "Man and Biosphere", the selenium reveals the protective effect against the pollution the environment by carcinogens. The analysis of the literature sources also revealed, that the increase of productivity of the laying hens by using alternative feed additive of microbiological origin (Sel-Plex) is essential to increase the production of the eggs and meat, while improving its quality.

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Author Biography

O. Musich, Dnіpropetrovsk State Agrarian and Economics University
канд. с.-г. наук

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Musich, O. (1). MODERN VIEWS OF THE ROLE OF SELENIUM IN POULTRY FEEDING. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 5(1), 15-21. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/72