EPIZOOTIOLOGY FEATURES OF ROTAVIRUS ENTERITIS IN DOGS
AbstractThe primary purpose of our work was to learn and analyze the epizootically features of Rotaviridae enteritis of dogs.In the articles resulted given in relation to the epizootically features of rotaviridae enteritis of dogs for period 2010–2015 in the veterinary clinics of Kyiv and Zhitomir.For the certain interval of time, during realization of experiment, it was selected from a 371 dog tests for research, from that in 87 found out the enterovirus–virus of family of Rotaviridae, and 284 were negative. Research of material from dogs with the signs of defeat stomach intestinal highway conducted in the conditions of laboratory, using ELISA on an exposure to the antigen. The results of research of age-old and pedigree inclination are in-process illuminated. Rotaviruses strikes dogs different age, an only exception in our experience were dogs of to 2th months. Maybe it is related to maternal immunity. For the animal of the senior age-related groups also diagnosed this pathology, even in age 12 and 13, sick dogs were educed. At conducted to the experiment it was set that most propensities to rotaviridae enteritis were marked in the group of dogs from 6 to 12 months. Some rarer diagnosed an enterovirus in a group from 2 to 6 months. The dogs of such breeds were most often ill, as a Scottish terrier, collie, Pomeranian spire, Maltese. A less characteristic sensitiveness to rotaviruses is shown by the German shepherd, German dog and French bulldog. Relatively appeared proof breeds Labrador retriever and Yorkshire. It was also found out, that mongrels showed inclination to rotaviridae, not having regard to an existent theory about considerable proof of such breeds of dogs.In relation to seasonality then the peak of morbidity registered in the spring period of 40% cases. It follows notices at the same time, that this disease registers oneself during other seasons of year practically in even correlations. The considerable aspect of study of epizootic process is pedigree liability to the infectious disease. During researches by us was the analyzed sensitiveness to rotaviruses enteritis for dogs 45 breeds that was served in veterinary clinics.Undertaken studies, in relation to the dynamics of exposure of dogs with rotaviridae enteritis showed that for the last six years this pathology became the necessary constituent of etiologic spectrum of illnesses with the defeat of gastrointestinal tract and after 2014 and 2015 – 34% and 33,7% accordingly.
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