MINERAL CONTENT OF BONES OF CHICKENS CROSS COBB-500 AND ROSS-308 OF DIFFERENT AGE

  • V. Yefimov Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
  • V. Кibal’chenko Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
  • S. Zavrina Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
  • М. Spivak ТOV “Plemptakhocombinat “Zaporizkiy”
Keywords: poultry meat, chicken, minerals, age, bones

Abstract

Background. The main part is the bone minerals. With age and the start of egg-laying of bird are changes in the bones, which can be used as a source of exchange pool of some minerals. Objective. The aim was to study age dynamics of mineral content in the femur chicken meat breed of cross Cobb-500 and Ross-308. Methods. Diaphyseal part of femur samples were selected from 82-old-day chickens, -156 - and 312-day age (cross Cobb- 500) and 254-day age (cross-Ross 308) from 5 each group. In bones determined the content of calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and cobalt by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and total phosphorus by photometric method. Results are expressed per dry weight. Results. The concentration of calcium in the bones of chickens 82 days old was lower compared to other age groups, and amounted to 139,1±6,0 g/kg. At 156 and 254 old-day chickens level of calcium in the bones did not differ significantly and was higher compared to the 82-day respectively 14.8% and 14.7% (p<0.05). The highest concentration of calcium in the bones was a 312-day birds – 181,9±4,9 g/kg. The content of phosphorus in the femur was slightly different age dynamics – the lowest value, as in the case of calcium, was found in 82 old-day chickens. Whereas, since the 156-day lives, this element level almost unchanged. However, the level of magnesium in bone chicken of meat breed age increases, stabilizing at the 254 day of life, about 4-5 g/kg. Found that the concentration of manganese in the bones increases with age, and is in 82-day group – 7,75±1,28 mg/kg and 156-day – 8,87±1,95 mg/kg, the 254-day – 10,4±0,21 mg/kg, the 312-day – 15,26±1,17 mg/kg. The level of zinc in the bones of 82-day birds is the smallest (168,6±11,0 mg/kg), and further increases with age. It was established that the level of cobalt in the bones of poultry increased slightly with age, but reliable difference depending on age and phase of oviposition we have not identified. The content of copper and iron in the bones was greater in younger chickens, and then gradually decreased. Conclusion. From 82-day old chickens in the femur observed increase in concentration of calcium, magnesium, zinc and manganese, which probably explains the full completion bone mineralization. The content of iron and copper in the bones gradually decreases and their lowest values observed in chickens 254- and 312-day age that is associated with a reduction in the role of hematopoiesis in bone and a decrease in their structure of the organic matrix.

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Author Biographies

V. Yefimov, Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
к. вет. н.
V. Кibal’chenko, Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
студентка
S. Zavrina, Dnipropetrovs’k State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine
наук. співробітник
М. Spivak, ТOV “Plemptakhocombinat “Zaporizkiy”
гол. лікар ветмедицини

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How to Cite
Yefimov, V., Кibal’chenkoV., Zavrina, S., & SpivakМ. (1). MINERAL CONTENT OF BONES OF CHICKENS CROSS COBB-500 AND ROSS-308 OF DIFFERENT AGE. Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine, 5(1), 118-124. Retrieved from https://bulletin-biosafety.com/index.php/journal/article/view/92